Chap 3   Chapter 4 extras: Energy   Chap 5

"When you breathe, you respire. When you do not breathe, you expire." - Anon.

Supplementary videos
A photosynthetic sea slug: an animal with chloroplasts
Proton pump inhibitors: active transport using ATP
How Cyanide Disrupts ATP Synthesis
Dengue virus: proton pump lowers pH (University of Massachusetts Medical School)
Dengue virus enters cell by endocytosis (HHMI)
Biofuel from tofu waste by fermentation
The world's first commercial scale cellulosic ethanol plant

Extra credit readings

Copyleft Peter Chen