Chap 9   Chapter 10 extras: The Origins and Diversification of Life on Earth   Chap 11

"Man is descended from a hairy, tailed quadruped, probably arboreal in its habits." - Charles Darwin

Supplementary videos
How snakes lost their legs: Sonic Hedgehog mutation
Archaeopteryx the feathered dinosaur grows like a dinosaur, not a bird
Asian-American Land Bridge (Beringia) - for mammoths and humans
Triploid Watermelon: artificial selection with Colchicine
Triploid Oysters
Tragopogon: Understanding the evolution of polyploidy
Polyploidy everywhere 3:00-4:40 sugar cane, banana, cotton, cacoa, wheat, strawberry; oysters

Extra credit readings

Additional material

Copyleft Peter Chen