Translation needs a a "dictionary": the
- Ribosomes guide the translation process by binding to mRNA
and loading tRNAs.
- An attachment site on the tRNA
binds to three-base codons on the mRNA,
adding amino acids to a growing protein chain,
using the genetic code
as a "dictionary".
- The protein is released from the complex when the ribosomes reads one of three
on the mRNA.
Codon pairing exercise: